The Ninth International Conference on Advanced Collaborative Networks, Systems and Applications

COLLA 2019

June 30, 2019 to July 04, 2019 - Rome, Italy

Deadlines

Submission

Mar 20, 2019

Notification

Apr 21, 2019

Registration

May 04, 2019

Camera ready

May 15, 2019

Publication

Published by IARIA XPS Press

Archived in the free access ThinkMind Digital Library

Prints available at Curran Associates, Inc.

Authors of selected papers will be invited to submit extended versions to a IARIA Journal

Indexing Procedure

Affiliated Journals

COLLA 2019 - The Ninth International Conference on Advanced Collaborative Networks, Systems and Applications

June 30, 2019 - July 04, 2019

COLLA 2019: Program

InfoWare 2019 - Conference Schedule

Conference Hotel
Conference Venue Location

H10 ROMA CITTA
Via Amedeo Avogadro, 35
00146-Quartiere Marconi
Rome

Note: The final program might vary slightly according to the number of successful special tracks and the final registrations.

Conference rooms
Time slots

Room A

Room B

Room C

Sunday, June 30

13:00

Registration starts
The registration desk is located in front of the conference rooms
Operating during the entire conference

14:00 - 16:00

Tutorial

Cognitive Technologies in 5G Slicing Management and Control
Prof. Dr. Eugen Borcoci, University "Politehnica" Bucharest, Romania

16:00 - 16:15

Coffee

16:15 - 18:15

Open Discussion

A Digital Anatomy of Robotkind and Humankind Coexisting Society
Moderator: Prof. Dr. Petre Dini, IARIA, USA

18:30 - 19:30

Welcome Cocktail
You must have your badge to attend the cocktail

Monday, July 1

09:00 - 09:15

Opening Session

09:15 - 10:15

Keynote Speech

Detecting and Classifying Implicit Expressions of Emotion from Text using Common-sense Knowledge and Crowdsourced Data
Dr. Alexandra Balahur, European Commission’s Joint Research Centre, European Commission

10:15 - 10:30

Coffee Break

10:30 - 12:15

ICWMC 1

 

HUSO 1 / EMOSEDE

12:15 - 13:45

Lunch on your own

13:45 - 15:30

VEHICUALR 1

INTERNET 1

INTELLI 1

15:30 - 15:45

Coffee Break

15:45 - 17:30

ICCGI 1

VEHICUALR 2

COLLA 1

17:30 - 17:45

Coffee

17:45 - 19:30

Panel  on Mobility and Teaming

Topic: Challenges of Cooperation in Mobility Era

Moderator
Els Lefever, LT3, Ghent University, Belgium

Panelists
Dennis J. Folds, Lowell Scientific Enterprises (LSE), USA
Véronique  Hoste, LT3, Ghent University, Belgium
Alexandra Balahur, European Commission’s Joint Research Centre, European Commission

Tuesday, July 2

09:15 - 10:15

Keynote Speech

Brain Connectivity in the Source Space: The Impact of Regularization and of Finite Data Length
Prof. Dr. Michele Piana, Dipartimento di Matematica, Università di Genova, Italy

10:15 - 10:30

Coffee Break

10:30 - 12:15

ICWMC 2

INTERNET 2

HUSO 2

12:15 - 13:45

Lunch on your own

13:45 - 15:30

VISUAL 1 / ADV I

VEHICULAR 3

INTELLI 2

15:30 - 15:45

Coffee Break

15:45 - 17:30

VISUAL 2 / ADV II

VEHICULAR 4

ICCGI 2

17:30 - 17:45

Coffee

17:45 - 19:30

Panel on Information Processing

Topic: Processing Sensing Data

Moderator
Wael Bazzi, American University in Dubai, United Arab Emirates

Panelists
Thomas Jell, Siemens Mobility GmbH, Germany
Hamid Menouar, QMIC - Qatar Mobility Innovations Center, Qatar
Tomotaka Kimura, Doshisha University, Japan
Paris Kaimakis, University of Central Lancashire Cyprus, Cyprus

Wednesday, July 3

09:15 - 10:15

Keynote Speech

Networking 2030
Dr. Richard Li, VP FutureWei Technologies, USA

10:15 - 10:30

Coffee Break

10:30 - 12:15

ICWMC 3

INTERNET 3

12:15 - 13:45

Lunch on your own

13:45 - 15:30

VISUAL 3 / ViT I

VEHICULAR 5

INTELLI 3 / InManEnv

15:30 - 15:45

Coffee Break

15:45 - 17:30

VISUAL 4 / ViT II

HUSO 3

BRAININFO 1

17:30 - 17:45

Coffee

17:45 - 19:30

Panel on Future Networking

Topic: Paving 5G+ Networking: Supporting Technologies and Solutions

Moderator
Richard Li, FutureWei Technologies, USA

Panelists
Eugen Borcoci, University Politehnica Bucharest, Romania
Dirceu Cavendish, Kyushu Institute of Technology, USA/Japan
Xiaohong Peng, Aston University, UK

20:30 : 23:00

CONFERENCE DINNER

Thursday, July 4

09:15 - 10:15

Keynote Speech

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles as an Enabler for Next Generation Mobility
Dr. Hamid Menouar, QMIC - Qatar Mobility Innovations Center, Qatar

10:15 - 10:30

Coffee Break

10:30 - 12:15

Panel on Vehicular Challenges

Topic:  New Vehicular Technologies and Urban Requirements

Moderator
Yoshitoshi Murata, Iwate Prefectural University, Japan

Panelists
Felipe Jimenez, Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, España
Akimasa Suzuki, Iwate Prefectural University, Japan
Jeevan Visvesha, ANI Technologies Private Limited, India

12:15 - 13:15

Lunch on your own

13:15 - 15:00

ICWMC 4 / BigSecCloud

INTERNET 4 / RAIEDP

 

15:00 - 15:15

Coffee Break

15:15 - 17:00

HUSO 4 / NE

VEHICULAR 6

COLLA 2

17:00 - 17:15

Coffee and Closing session

Friday, July 5

Recommended tourist objectives to be visited on your own:

From via della Conciliazione (Tourist bus parking), visit The Vatican
Saint Peter's Basilica
Cupola of St. Peter's Basilica
Vatican Museums
Sistine Chapel and St. Peter's Basilica

Downtown
Piazza Navona
Pantheon
Piazza Venezia
Trevi Fountain
Colosseum

 

Detailed Program

 

BRAININFO 2019, The Fourth International Conference on Neuroscience and Cognitive Brain Information

BRAININFO 1: Hot Topics in Human Brain-related Health/Diseases/Social Behavior
Session chair: Petre Dini

Why Do Seniors Accept or Reject New Technologies? Towards Developing a Seniors Oriented Technology Acceptance Model
Cosmina Paul, Alexandru Sterea, Mircea Marzan, Aliki Economidou, Iztok Žilavec, Luiza Spiru, Adrian Garleanu

The Impact and Benefits of Innovative, Intelligent Assistive Lightening for The Cognitive Decline of the MCI Independent Seniors
Andrei Voicu, Mircea Marzan, Luiza Spiru, Fabio Paterno, Marco Manca, Nerisa Banaj, Lisa-Marie Neier

Virtual Assistant for Healthy Aging: Benefits Perceived by Elders
Magdalena Velciu, Mircea Mărzan, Mariusz Kaczmarek, Alexey Andrushevich, Barry Teunissen, Luiza Spiru

Exploring a P300 Brain-Computer Interface Based on Three Different RSVP Paradigms
Ricardo Ron-Angevin, Maëlle Abadie, Maëlle Cloarec, Martin Filosa, Maurine Jouault, Quentin Pestre-Sorge, Véronique Lespinet-Najib, Jean-Marc André, Liliana García

 

COLLA 2019, The Ninth International Conference on Advanced Collaborative Networks, Systems and Applications

COLLA 1: Collaborative Applications
Session chair: Kristina Röding

Modularization of Research Software for Collaborative Open Source Development
Christian Zirkelbach, Alexander Krause, Wilhelm Hasselbring

Gamification Elements in Immersive Virtual Reality. Comparing the Effectiveness of Leaderboards and Copresence for Motivation
Katharina Jahn

Participatory approach for a "Collaborative Heritage Observatory" in Tunisia
Samia Ben Rajeb, Hatem Bejar

COLLA 2: Open Collaborative Research
Session chair: Katharina Jahn

Would you like to Participate? – Stakeholder Involvement in the Development Process of Digital Strategies for Municipalities
Kristina Roeding, Frederike Marie Oschinsky, Hans Christian Klein, Andreas Weigel, Bjoern Niehaves

The Role of Social Capital and Collaborative Knowledge Creation in Achieving E-business Innovation: An Empirical Study
Khaled Al Omoush

Digital Strategies as a Guideline for Digital Transformation Processes in Municipalities – A Literature Review
Kristina Roeding

 

HUSO 2019, The Fifth International Conference on Human and Social Analytics

HUSO 1 / EMOSEDE: Emotion and Sentiment Detection
Session chair: Els Lefever

Introduction / Editorial [PRESENTATION]
Els Lefever, Véronique Hoste

Towards a Psychologically Grounded Emotion Dictionary for Russian
Polina Panicheva, Olga Bogolyubova

Sentiment Analysis of French Political Tweets: #MacronPrésident
Antoine Vanrysselberghe, Els Lefever

Towards an Empirically-Grounded Framework for Emotion Analysis
Luna De Bruyne, Orphée De Clercq, Véronique Hoste

Measuring the Impact of Sentiment for Hate Speech Detection on Twitter
Nina Bauwelinck, Els Lefever

Open Discussion and Closing Remarks [DISCUSSION]
Els Lefever, Véronique Hoste

HUSO 2: Human Interaction
Session chair: Dennis Folds

Digital Disqualification, Digital Suffering, Digital Reliance - The Case of French Retired People over Sixty Years Old
Eloria Vigouroux-Zugasti, Christian Bourret

Response Patterns during Child-Robot Interaction of Children with Cognitive Impairments
Luthffi Idzhar Ismail, Tony Belpaeme, Fazah Akhtar Hanapiah, Francis Wyffels

HUSO 3: Social Human Analytics
Session chair: Eloria Vigouroux-Zugasti

Theory and Development of Tool Frameworks for Interactive Knowledge and Data Visualization in Computational Social Science
Thomas McDermott, Molly Nadolski

Data for Healthy Decisions: Computation for Passive Monitoring of Medium-Risk Individuals at Home
Dennis Folds

Understanding Societal Well-Being Through the Eyes of the News World Media
Vasiliki Voukelatou, Luca Pappalardo, Fosca Giannotti

HUSO 4 / N&E: Networks and Education
Session chair: Ralucca  Gera

Introduction / Editorial [PRESENTATION]
Ralucca Gera

A Survey on Studying the Social Networks of Students
Akrati Saxena, Pratishtha Saxena, Harita Reddy, Ralucca Gera

A Recommender Model for the Personalized Adaptive CHUNK Learning System
Daniel Diaz, Ralucca Gera, Paul Keeley, Matthew Miller, Nickos Leondaridis-Mena

An Adaptive Education Approach Using the Learners’ Social Network
Ralucca Gera, Alex Gutzler, Ryan Hard, Bryan McDonough, Christian Sorenson

CHUNK - Curated Heuristic Using a Network of Knowledge
Ralucca Gera, Michelle Isenhour, D'Marie Bartolf, Simona Tick

Adaptive Personalized Network Relationships in the CHUNK Learning Environment
Shane Smith, Maria Smith, Mario Andriulli, Ralucca Gera, Michelle Isenhour

Open Discussion and Closing Remarks [DISCUSSION]
Ralucca Gera

 

ICCGI 2019, The Fourteenth International Multi-Conference on Computing in the Global Information Technology

ICCGI 1: Information Systems
Session chair: Oswaldo Luiz Agostinho

Analysis of Cognitive Functions in the Encountered State of Driving Topics on Expressways
Kazuhito Sato, Yuki Oomomo, Hirokazu Madokoro, Momoyo Ito, Sakura Kadowaki

Survey on Smart Web Crawler Algorithm Based on Semantic Search Engine
Muneer Bani Yassein, Ismail Hmeidi, Yaser Khamayseh, Wail Mardini, Heba Al-Jarrah, Dragana Krstic

ICCGI 2: Modeling and Optimization
Session chair: Kazuhito Sato

Innovation as Structural Attribute of Enterprises Competitiveness
Oswaldo Luiz Agostinho

PFA(Progressive Failure Analysis) for Spar-Web Debonding of 5MW Class Wind Turbine Composite Blade using CZM-based on Debonding Model [POSTER]
Hak-geun Kim, Yun-jung Jang, Ki-Weon Kang

Evaluation of the Equivalent Material Properties according to Representative Volume Elements size for CNT / PVDF Fiber [POSTER]
Chan-Woong Choi, Ji-Won Jin, Haksung Lee, Ki-Weon Kang

 

ICWMC 2019, The Fifteenth International Conference on Wireless and Mobile Communications

ICWMC 1: Wireless and Mobile Technologies I
Session chair: Wael Bazzi

Proposal of a Null Subcarrier Allocation Method for CAZAC-OFDM Systems
Taketo Nasuno, Masahiro Muraguchi

A New Technique of Symbol Synchronization for OFDM Systems with CAZAC Precoding
Ryoju Tachikawa, Masahiro Muraguchi

ICWMC 2: Performance Evaluation, Simulation and Modeling of Wireless Networks and Systems
Session chair: Thomas Jell

Comparison of 4G and 5G Network Simulators
Christos Bouras, Georgios Diles, Apostolos Gkamas, Andreas Zacharopoulos

Partial-Diffusion Least Mean-Square Estimation Over Networks Under Noisy Information Exchange
Wael Bazzi, Vahid Vahidpour, Amir Rastegarnia, Azam Khalili

Malicious Node Detection Method against Message Flooding Attacks in Sparse Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks
Takuya Idezuka, Tomotaka Kimura, Kouji Hirata, Masahiro Muraguchi

ICWMC 3: Wireless and Mobile Technologies II
Session chair: Christos Bouras

BIG IoT – Interconnecting IoT Platforms from different domains – Final Results
Thomas Jell, Claudia Baumgartner, Arne Bröring, Arne Bröring

5G Networks: Advancement & Challenges
Christos Bouras, Paraskevi Fotakopoulou, Anastasia Kollia

A Dynamically Carpooling Dispatching Algorithm for Improving Efficiency of Self-Driving Taxis in the Connected Vehicles Environment
Hsu-Cheng Chung, Yu-Jung Chang, Kuo-Feng Ssu

ICWMC 4 / BigSecCloud: Big Data Security for Cloud Computing
Session chair: Omar Iraqi

Introduction / Editorial [PRESENTATION]
Meryeme Ayache

Variable Distinct L-diversity Algorithm Applied on Highly Sensitive Correlated Attributes
Zakariae El Ouazzani, Hanan El Bakkali

Efficient Distributed Access Control Using Blockchain for Big Data in Clouds
Oussama Mounnan, Anas Abou Elkalam

Survey of Trust and Reputation Systems Relying on Sentiment Mining Techniques to Analyze Reviews in E-Commerce Environment
Hasnae Rahimi

Collaborative Cloud-based Application-level Intrusion Detection and Prevention
Omar Iraqi, Meryeme Ayache, Hanan El Bakkali

Open Discussion and Closing Remarks [DISCUSSION]
Meryeme Ayache

 

INTELLI 2019, The Eighth International Conference on Intelligent Systems and Applications

INTELLI 1: Fundamentals in Intelligent Systems and Applications I
Session chair: Emanuel Diamant

Implementation of a Self-Enforcing Network to Identify Determinants of the WiFi Quality on German Highspeed Trains
Jonathan Berrisch, Timo Rammert, Christina Klüver

A Linear Matrix Inequality Based Strategy For Maximum Amplitude Analysis in Discrete Time Systems
Graziano Chesi, Tiantian Shen

A Comparison of Global and Saturated Probabilistic Approximations Using Characteristic Sets in Mining Incomplete Data
Patrick G. Clark, Jerzy W. Grzymala-Busse, Teresa Mroczek, Rafal Niemiec

INTELLI 2: Fundamentals in Intelligent Systems and Applications II
Session chair: Timo Rammert

Eager to Take Part in the Global AI Race? Better, Look for Traps Waiting There for You
Emanuel Diamant

Improving Measurement by Addressing the Sensor Fault Isolation Problem in Control System
Thanh Nga Thai

INTELLI 3 / InManEnv: Intelligent Manufacturing Environments
Session chair: Leo van Moergestel

Introduction / Editorial [PRESENTATION]
Gil Gonçalves

An Industry 4.0 Self Description Information Model for Software Components Contained in the Administration Shell
Luis Neto, Gil Gonçalves, Pedro Torres, Rogério Dionísio, Sérgio Malhão

Path Planning for an Industrial Robotic Arm
Zahid Iqbal, João Reis, Gil Gonçalves

Human-Machine Interaction in Cyber-PhysicalProduction Systems
Henrique Lopes Cardoso, Joao Reis, Gil Goncalves

Open Discussion and Closing Remarks [DISCUSSION]
Gil Gonçalves

 

INTERNET 2019, The Eleventh International Conference on Evolving Internet

INTERNET 1: Hot Topics in Internet
Session chair: Goo Yeon Lee

On Orchestration Interactions for Preparation of Slice Creation in Multi-domain 5G Networking Environment
Eugen Borcoci, Serban Georgica Obreja

Privacy Risk in the IoT Environment: the Need for a Multiple Approach According to the GDPR Principles
Giovanni De Marco

BeamMaP: Beamforming-based Machine Learning for Positioning in Massive MIMO Systems
Chong Liu, Hermann J. Helgert

INTERNET 2: Internet Security Mechanisms
Session chair: Dirceu Cavendish

Legitimate E-mail Forwarding Server Detection Method by X-means Clustering Utilizing DMARC Reports
Kanako Konno, Naoya Kitagawa, Shuji Sakuraba, Nariyoshi Yamai

Consideration of a Countermeasure Model against Self-Evolving Botnets
Kouji Hirata, Koki Hongyo, Takanori Kudo, Yoshiaki Inoue, Tomotaka Kimura

Detection of School Foundation Day Tweets That Can Be Used to Distinguish Senders' Schools
Yasuhiko Watanabe, Hiroaki Onishi, Ryo Nishimura, Yoshihiro Okada

INTERNET 3: Internet Performance
Session chair: Eugen Borcoci

Performance Analysis of Surveillance Camera System with Image Recognition Server
Goo Yeon Lee, Hwa Jong Kim

Managing Path Switching in Multipath Video Streaming
Dirceu Cavendish, Shinichi Nagayama, Daiki Nobayashi, Takeshi Ikenaga

INTERNET 4 / RAIEDP: Robotics, Artificial Intelligence, Ethics and Data Protection
Session chair: Nicola  Fabiano

Introduction / Editorial [PRESENTATION]
Nicola Fabiano, Filippo Bianchini

The Meaning of 'Accountability,' 'Responsibility,' and 'Liability' in the GDPR: Proposal for an Ontology
Nicola Fabiano

Ethics in AI and Automated Decisions
Filippo Bianchini

Privacy Risk in the IoT Environment: the Need for a Multiple Approach According to the GDPR Principles
Giovanni De Marco

Open Discussion and Closing Remarks [DISCUSSION]
Nicola Fabiano, Filippo Bianchini

 

VEHICULAR 2019, The Eighth International Conference on Advances in Vehicular Systems, Technologies and Applications

VEHICULAR 1: Fundamentals on Communication and Networking
Session chair: Hamid Menouar

Progress on the AUTOSAR Adaptive Platform for Intelligent Vehicles [PRESENTATION]
Thomas Scharnhorst,Guenter Reichart

Reactive Topology-based Routing for VANETs: A New Bio-inspired Solution
Youcef Azzoug, Abdelmadjid Boukra

A Blockchain Approach towards Cargo Sharing in Last Mile Logistics
Johannes Kretzschmar, Felix Eckardt

VEHICULAR 2: Vehicular Data
Session chair: Guenter Reichart

Valuating and Pricing of Vehicle Generated Data as a Marketable Product in the Automotive Industry
Frank Bodendorf, Tobias Meissner, Joerg Franke

Real Deployment of the V2X-Based Data Probe Application and its Integration with a Commercial Traffic Platform
Hamid Menouar, Mohamed Ben Brahim

Lane estimation algorithm based on sensor fusion database
Seunguk Jeon, Byungyong You

VEHICULAR 3: Unmanned Vehicles
Session chair: Damian Petrecki

A New Model for Hard Braking Vehicles and Collision Avoiding Trajectories
Fynn Terhar, Christian Icking

Operation in Tunnels Construction Works with Autonomous or Tele-operated Trucks
Felipe Jiménez, Jose Eugenio Naranjo, Miguel Martín, Antonio Ramírez, Miguel Anguera, Pablo García

A Survey of Autonomous Vehicle Technology and Security
Mustafa Saed, Kevin Daimi, Samar Bayan

VEHICULAR 4: Evaluation
Session chair: Fynn Terhar

Asynchronous Vehicle Control System Basing on Analitical Continous-Time Functions
Damian Petrecki

Robustness Against Hazard Notifications Around a Vehicle Using Seat Actuators
Akimasa Suzuki, Yoshitoshi Murata, Shoma Fujimura

Vehicle Detection Assistance in Urban Intersection Using Data Exchange Between Road Infrastructure
Jean Marchal, Denis Gingras, Hervé Pollart

VEHICULAR 5: Experiments and Challenges
Session chair: Abdelkader Magdy Shaaban

Car-driving Interface with Load Cells for Upper-extremity-disabled People
Yoshitoshi Murata, Yuto Higuchi, Takaya Abe

Proposal of Traffic Database Management System
Yoshitoshi Murata

Presence and Mental Workload in Driving Simulation Compared to Real Car Driving
Elise Gemonet, Vincent Honnet, Stephane Masfrand, Daniel Mestre

Transmission Performance of an Intra-Vehicle Wireless Sensor Network: An Empirical Approach
Ahmed Aladi, Xiao-Hong Peng

VEHICULAR 6: Trust and Security
Session chair: Eugen Borcoci

Trust in Automation: An On-Road Study of Trust in Advanced Driver Assistance Systems
Liza Dixon, William M. Megill, Karsten Nebe

The Design of a Divide-and-Conquer Security Framework for Autonomous Vehicles
Abdelkader Magdy Shaaban, Christoph Schmittner, Arndt Bonitz

My Connected Car Is Under Attack: "TPM", “TPM” HELP ME
Jeevan Visvesha

 

VISUAL 2019, The Fourth International Conference on Applications and Systems of Visual Paradigms

VISUAL 1 / ADV I: Applications of Data Visualisation I
Session chair: William Hurst

Introduction / Editorial [PRESENTATION]
William Hurst

Simulating Household Electricity Consumption
Mutinta Mwansa, William Hurst, Carl Chalmers, Yuanyuan Shen, Casimiro A. Curbelo Montañez

Augmented Reality for Enhancing Life Science Education
John Barrow, Conor Forker, Andrew Sands, Darryl O’Hare, William Hurst

Industrial Augmented Reality (IAR) as an Approach for Device Identification within a Manufacturing Plant for Property Alteration Purpose
Tshepo Godfrey Kukuni, Ben Kotze

VISUAL 2 / ADV II: Applications of Data Visualisation II
Session chair: William Hurst

Profiling with Smart Meter Data in a Virtual Reality Setting
William Hurst, Casimiro A. Curbelo Montañez

Visualising Network Anomalies in an Unsupervised Manner Using Deep Network Autoencoders
Matthew Banton, Nathan Shone, William Hurst, Qi Shi

A Review on the Development of a Virtual Reality Learning Environment for Medical Simulation and Training
Kieran Latham, Patryk Kot, Dhiya Al-Jumeily, Atif Waraich, Mani Puthuran, Arun Chandran

Open Discussion and Closing Remarks [DISCUSSION]
William Hurst

VISUAL 3 / ViT I: Visual Tracking: Models, Methods and Applications I
Session chair: Vittoria Bruni

Introduction / Editorial [PRESENTATION]
Vittoria Bruni

The Rational Dilation Wavelet Transform: A Flexible Tool for Perception-inspired Signal and Image Processing
Vittoria Bruni, Domenico Vitulano

Model-Based 3D Visual Tracking of Rigid Bodies using Distance Transform
Marios Loizou, Paris Kaimakis

VISUAL 4 / ViT II: Visual Tracking: Models, Methods and Applications II
Session chair: Vittoria Bruni

The Role of Complexity in Visual Perception: Some Results and Perspectives
Vittoria Bruni, Domenico Vitulano

VMPepper: How to Use a Social Humanoid Robot for Interactive Voice Messaging
Paola Barra, Carmen Bisogni, Riccardo Distasi, Antonio Rapuano

Open Discussion and Closing Remarks [DISCUSSION]
Vittoria Bruni